First Sava Flood Risk Management Plan

Flood Risk Management Plan for the Sava River Basin (Sava FRMP) has been developed in 2019, according to the requirements of the Protocol on Flood Protection to the FASRB (Protocol) and has been partially aligned, to the extent possible, with the requirements of the Directive of the European Parliament and Council on the assessment and management of flood risk (Floods Directive), which sets legal basis for reduction and management of flood risks to human health, environment, cultural heritage and economic activity. 
The Sava FRMP development was preceded by the development of joint Preliminary Flood Risk Assessment for the Sava River Basin (Sava PFRA) and the development and adoption of the Program for development of Sava FRMP (Program), as stipulated by the Protocol.

                               
                               
                                               Sava PFRA                                       Program                                               
The preparation of the Sava FRMP respected the specific conditions of the countries of the Sava River basin out of which two (Croatia and Slovenia) are the EU Member State while the others (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia) are in different stages of the accession process. Preparing the Sava FRMP under such conditions had required a good international coordination and finding appropriate compromises when processing and evaluating information collected at different implementation stages at the national level.

The Sava FRMP was developed with the purpose to establish joint objectives of flood risk management in compliance with principles of long-term sustainability, identify non-structural measures and structural measures in areas of mutual interest, and enable consistent and coordinated approach in managing these risks at the level of entire Sava River basin.
 
A very important strength of the first Sava FRMP was the identification of areas of mutual interest for the flood protection in the Sava River basin (AMI) in line with Protocol. AMIs include a total of 251 flood areas, respectively 46 in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 129 in Croatia, 27 in Serbia and 64 flood areas in Slovenia and 5 in Montenegro identified within the Sava FRMP preparation. These areas were further grouped into 21 AMIs.

Total surface of AMIs is 5,659 km2, which is 5.8% of the total Sava River basin surface, and a home to 1.4 million people. AMIs represent basic elements for analysis in the Sava FRMP and a framework for identification of non-structural and national structural measures that may contribute to achieving flood risk management objectives of the common interest in the basin. 
The joint Sava FRMP set up common objectives of flood risk management on the basin wide scale, and ensured a consistent and coordinated approach in management of flood risks in the basin. Objectives of the flood risk management of mutual interest in the Sava River basin which were defined in line with the Flood Risk Management Plan for the Danube River Basin (2015) are as follows:
- Avoidance of new flood risks
- Reduction of existing flood risks (during and after the floods)
- Strengthening resilience
- Raising awareness about flood risks
- Implementing solidarity principle.

Common understanding of the objectives of flood risk management at the Sava River basin level, with the aim of reducing possible negative consequences of floods to human health and life, their property and economic activities, environment, and cultural-historic heritage, and the identification of mutual benefits for the Sava River countries represented the basis for the Summary of Measures.
Measures were proposed taking into account that the countries in implementation of measures, works and activities on flood protection on their territories, as well as in conduction of activities in other sectors that may have negative impact on flood protection of other countries, shall operate in accordance with the “no-harm rule” principle.
Within the Sava FRMP 38 structural measures in AMIs with a total value of over 250 million € were identified. Structural measures were provided on the basis of national flood risk management plans in Croatia and Slovenia, as well as planning and strategic documents in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro. The national measures presented in Sava FRMP contribute to reducing the chance of duplication of works for the purpose of reducing the risk and mitigating the consequences of flooding at the basin level.
42 non-structural measures were identified and mainly relate to entire AMIs or the Sava River basin as a whole. Special importance during the identification of non-structural measures was given to data collection, preparation of studies and other activities aimed at improving the planning basis for the next planning cycle. The plan also discusses the relationship of the proposed measures with the Sava River Basin Management Plan.

Mechanisms of coordination on the Sava River basin level and modes of cooperation in flood defence emergency situations of the competent authorities were also analysed, and recommendations for improvements are proposed in the Sava FRMP.