Prevencija i smanjenje utjecaja incidentnih onečišćenja

One of the main objectives of the FASRB is undertaking of measures to prevent or limit hazards, and reduce and eliminate adverse consequences, including incidents involving substances hazardous to water, among others. The Parties mindful of the importance and urgency of preventing serious adverse extraordinary impacts on the water regime, human beings and the environment, and of promoting all measures that stimulate the rational, economic and efficient use of preventive, preparedness and response measures to enable environmentally sound and sustainable economic development. There is a need to promote active international cooperation among the Parties before, during and after an extraordinary impact, to enhance appropriate policies and to reinforce and coordinate action at all appropriate levels for promoting the prevention of, preparedness for and response to transboundary impacts on the water regime taking. In this process the UNECE Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents (Helsinki 1992), the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Helsinki 1992), the Code of Conduct on Accidental Pollution of Transboundary Inland Waters (UN 1990), the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council 2000/60/EC establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy, and the Council Directive 96/82/EC of 9 December 1996 on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances is considered.

The commitments to regulate the accident prevention and control resulted in drafting the Protocol on emergency situations to the FASRB which has been already adopted by the ISRBC. Its final harmonization is expected in near future. 

Beside the development of the Protocol and taking into account the provision of the FASRB regarding establishment of the coordinated or joint system of warnings and alarms in the Sava River Basin for extraordinary impacts on the water regime in the case of accidental pollution the Parties to the FASRB use the Accident Emergency and Warning System (AEWS) developed and maintained by the ICPDR. In each Party the Principal Information Alert Centers (PIAC) has been established as a central point for communication. They are responsible for communication, expert involvement and decision making on actions to be taken in case of emergency situations. Their operability is tested at least twice a year. The main objective of such exercises is to test functionality of the system, operability of Principal International Alert Centers (PIACs) and basic usage of the system. Accident emergency warning system (AEWS)

The future activities in the field of accident prevention and control will be focused to the signature and ratification of the Protocol, development of the on-site and off-site contingency plans and enhancement of capability of PIACs to ensure 24/7 operability.