Description of the plan
The Sava River Basin Management Plan (Sava RBMP) has been developed according to the requirements of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD), which establishes a legal framework to protect and enhance the status of all waters and protected areas including water dependent ecosystems, prevent their deterioration and ensure long-term, sustainable use of water resources.
The Sava RBMP establishes several integrative principles for water management, including the integration of water protection into other developments.
The Sava RBMP generally follows the methodology and processes applied at the Danube River Basin level, which were developed and agreed upon by the Danube River Basin countries. However, water management issues in the Sava RBMP are discussed at a more detailed scale than in the Danube RBMP. The following criteria were applied regarding the selection of water bodies:
- The Sava River and its tributaries with a catchment size >1,000 km² and rivers of a basin-wide importance (Sotla/Sutla, Lašva and Tinja; area <1,000 km²);
- Trans-boundary and national GWBs which are important due to the size of the groundwater body (area >1,000 km²), or for those trans-boundary GWBs <1,000 km², which are important due to various other criteria.
The processes with regard to the Sava River Basin went far beyond the elaboration of existing information and included the possibility of collecting the missing data, filling in the gaps and collating the latest information, which allowed for a better analysis of the pressures and impacts and a proposal of measures.
The chapters of the Sava RBMP follow the logic and requirements of the WFD and their structure is determined by the Significant Water Management Issues (SWMI). Chapter 1 contains background information on the Sava River Basin and the Plan itself. General characteristics of the Sava River Basin are presented in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 describes existing pressures. An inventory of protected areas is provided in Chapter 4 and the monitoring networks in the Sava River Basin are described in Chapter 5. The results of the basin-wide water status assessment and the designation of Heavily Modified Water Bodies (HMWBs) and Artificial Water Bodies (AWBs) are given in Chapter 6. The environmental objectives and exemptions according to WFD Articles 4(4), 4(5) and 4(7) are outlined in Chapter 7. Chapter 8 contains an economic analysis of water uses. Chapter 9 gives an overview of measures to be implemented on a basin-wide scale for each SWMI and other water management issues. This chapter also includes key conclusions regarding the Programme of Measures, which are of key importance for future river basin management in the Sava River Basin. Chapter 10 integrates issues of water protection in developments in the Sava River Basin, focusing on floods, navigation, hydropower and agriculture. Chapter 11 addresses climate change. Public information and consultation activities carried out in relation to this Plan are summarized in Chapter 12. Key findings are listed in Chapter 13. The references are given in Chapter 14.
The Plan also includes 13 annexes as well as 22 maps which graphically present key information provided in the text.